Rishikul Yogshala Rishikesh

7 Yoga Mudras To Balance The Mind And The Body

Yoga Mudra

Mudras have been an integral part of spiritual practices in India for thousands of years and have been depicted in ancient Indian art and sculpture. In Hinduism, mudras are used in temple rituals and dance performances, and in Buddhism, they are used in statues of the Buddha and in ritual dances.

The origins of yoga mudras can be traced back to ancient India and are mentioned in ancient texts such as the Hatha Yoga Pradipika and the Gheranda Samhita, which date back to the 15th century CE. But what exactly is a yoga mudra? Let’s explore. 

What is a Yoga Mudra?

In Yoga, mudras are considered non-verbal communications between the subtle body and the physical body, they are used to help stimulate the flow of energy through the body and activate specific areas of the brain to bring about a specific state of mind. They are often performed in combination with pranayama (breathing techniques) and asanas (yoga postures) to enhance their benefits.

Mudras have a lot to offer in terms of spiritual, physical, and mental well-being, and are now widely used in yoga and meditation practice in the modern world. It’s also used in other forms of art, such as dance and music, due to its healing and therapeutic benefits.

7 Simple Yoga Mudras to Perform Everyday

1. The Chin Mudra

Chin Mudra

The Chin Mudra is often used during meditation and pranayama practices to help increase focus and concentration. It is believed to help balance the flow of energy in the body and promote a sense of calm and serenity.

It is also used in yoga postures and asanas. The representation of the union of individual consciousness with universal consciousness refers to the belief that by practicing this mudra, one is able to transcend the ego and attain a higher level of consciousness. It is often depicted in statues of the Buddha, sitting in meditation with his hands in Chin Mudra.

Here’s how to do it:

Sit in a comfortable seated position with a straight spine, such as in Sukhasana (Easy Pose), Padmasana (Lotus Pose), or Vajrasana (Thunderbolt Pose).

Bring your hands together in front of your chest, with your palms facing up.

Touch the tip of your index finger to the tip of your thumb, while holding the other fingers straight. The index finger and thumb form a circle, and the other fingers remain extended.

Hold this position while you focus on your breath and your intention. Take slow, deep breaths, and let go of any tension in your body.

2. The Anjali Mudra

The Anjali Mudra is a common gesture used in yoga practice and is often performed at the beginning and end of a yoga class as a sign of respect and gratitude to the teacher and the practice.

Here’s how to perform the Anjali Mudra:

Stand or sit in a comfortable position with a straight spine.

Bring your hands together in front of your heart, with your palms touching and fingers pointing upward.

Press your palms together firmly but comfortably, making sure your fingers are pointing upward and not bent back.

Hold this position while focusing on your breath and your intention. Take slow, deep breaths, and relax.

As you press your palms together, you can bow your head slightly in a gesture of respect, humility, and gratitude.

3. Shuni Mudra

Shuni Mudra is formed by pressing the tip of the middle finger to the tip of the thumb while holding the other fingers straight. This yoga mudra is associated with the element of earth and is believed to increase the qualities of patience and determination in the practitioner, as well as the ability to overcome obstacles.

Here’s how to perform Shuni Mudra:

Sit in a comfortable seated position with a straight spine, such as in Sukhasana (Easy Pose), Padmasana (Lotus Pose), or Vajrasana (Thunderbolt Pose).

Bring your hands to your knees, with your palms facing up.

Touch the tip of the middle finger to the tip of the thumb, while holding the other fingers straight. The middle finger and thumb form a circuit of energy, and the other fingers remain extended.

Hold this position while you focus on your breath and your intention. Take slow, deep breaths, and let go of any tension in your body.

This mudra can be practiced during seated meditation, pranayama, and yoga asanas, but also can be incorporated into your daily routine at any time, such as when you are feeling stressed or have a difficult task ahead.

4. Prithvi Mudra

Prithvi Mudra is formed by touching the tip of the ring finger to the tip of the thumb while holding the other fingers straight. This yoga mudra is connected to the element of earth and is believed to help balance this element within the body, which can improve overall physical strength and stability.

Here’s how to perform Prithvi Mudra:

Sit in a comfortable seated position with a straight spine, such as in Sukhasana (Easy Pose), Padmasana (Lotus Pose), or Vajrasana (Thunderbolt Pose).

Bring your hands to your knees, with your palms facing up.

Touch the tip of the ring finger to the tip of the thumb, while holding the other fingers straight. The ring finger and thumb form a circuit of energy, and the other fingers remain extended.

Hold this position while you focus on your breath and your intention. Take slow, deep breaths, and let go of any tension in your body.

As with other mudras, It’s recommended to practice Prithvi Mudra for at least 5-10 minutes daily for optimal benefits. It can be practiced during seated meditation, pranayama, and yoga asanas and it can be included in your daily routine as well.

5. Vayu Mudra

Vayu Mudra is formed by folding the index finger and pressing it against the base of the thumb. This mudra is associated with the air element and is believed to help balance this element within the body, which can alleviate certain conditions such as constipation and fatigue.

Here’s how to perform Vayu Mudra:

Sit in a comfortable seated position with your spine straight.

Bring your hands to your knees, with your palms facing up.

Fold the index finger and press it against the base of the thumb, while keeping the other fingers straight. The index finger and thumb form a circuit of energy, and the other fingers remain extended.

Hold this position while you focus on your breath and your intention. Take slow, deep breaths, and let go of any tension in your body.

Vayu mudra is believed to be beneficial for people with conditions such as constipation, indigestion, and gas, as well as for those who suffer from respiratory issues such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and chronic bronchitis.

However, mudras should not be considered a substitute for medical treatment, and if you have any health concerns, you should consult a healthcare professional before starting a mudra practice. Mudras are considered to be a complement to traditional medical treatment and not a replacement for it.

6. The Apana Mudra

The Apana Mudra is formed by folding the middle and ring fingers and pressing them against the base of the thumb while keeping the other fingers straight.

It is used to help stimulate the downward movement of energy in the body, also called Apana Vayu, which is responsible for expelling waste and controlling the reproductive organs. This Mudra is believed to help in the treatment of conditions such as constipation, indigestion, and gas, as well as certain conditions related to reproductive organs.

Here’s how to perform Apana Mudra:

Sit in a comfortable seated position with a straight spine.

Bring your hands to your knees, with your palms facing up.

Fold the middle and ring fingers and press them against the base of the thumb, while keeping the other fingers straight. The middle and ring finger and thumb form a circuit of energy.

Hold this position while you focus on your breath and your intention. Take slow, deep breaths, and relax.

It’s important to note that like all mudras, Apana Mudra is believed to be more effective when accompanied by pranayama, visualization, and affirmation. And as always, it’s important to consult a healthcare professional before starting a mudra practice.

7. Surya Mudra

Surya Mudra is formed by pressing the tip of the ring finger against the base of the thumb while keeping the other fingers straight. This yoga mudra is believed to help balance the element of fire in the body and is often used to increase energy, and vitality and to help with weight loss. It is used to activate the Manipura Chakra, or the solar plexus, which is associated with willpower, self-esteem, and the digestive system.

Here’s how to perform Surya Mudra:

Sit in a comfortable seated position with a straight spine, such as in Sukhasana (Easy Pose), Padmasana (Lotus Pose), or Vajrasana (Thunderbolt Pose).

Bring your hands to your knees, with your palms facing up.

Press the tip of the ring finger against the base of the thumb, while keeping the other fingers straight.

Hold this position while you focus on your breath and your intention. Take slow, deep breaths, and let go of any tension in your body.

To Wrap it Up

Yoga Mudras are an important aspect of yoga practice and are believed to have many benefits for both the body and the mind. There are many different mudras used in yoga, each with its own specific benefits and uses. Again, Mudras should not be considered a substitute for medical treatment. Mudras are considered to be a complement to traditional medical treatment and not a replacement for it. In any case, it’s essential to be mindful of the context and the origin of the mudra when performing them to get the full benefits and understand the proper use.

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Yoga Mudra FAQs

1. Which mudra gives powerful energy??

Surya Mudra and Prana Mudra are two yoga hand mudras that give powerful energy. Surya Mudra is believed to help balance the element of fire in the body and is often used to increase energy, and vitality and to help with weight loss. Prana Mudra, on the other hand, is formed by touching the tip of the little finger to the tip of the thumb while holding the other fingers straight, it is used to balance the element of fire in the body and is often used to increase energy and vitality.

2. Which mudra yoga is for mental strength?

Dharmachakra Mudra is said to provide a sense of equanimity and balance and to help improve mental focus and concentration. Buddhi Mudra as the name implies is said to help improve concentration, focus, and clarity of the mind.

3. Can I do yoga hand mudras at night?

Yes, you can do mudras at night. In fact, certain mudras can be particularly beneficial for promoting relaxation and sleep, as well as for reducing stress and anxiety. Shuni Mudra, especially, is said to help overcome obstacles and promote patience, which can be helpful in reducing stress and anxiety before bed.

4. Which mudra yoga is good for memory?

Hakini Mudra is indeed a mudra that is believed to have a positive effect on memory and cognitive function. This mudra is formed by placing the tips of the thumb, index, and middle fingers together, while keeping the other fingers extended. It is said to balance the functions of the higher centers of the brain, including memory, concentration, thinking, and decision-making. The mudra is also believed to promote coordination between the left and right hemispheres of the brain and to balance the sixth chakra, also called Ajna chakra, located between the eyebrows and associated with intuition, wisdom, and perception.